We received a substantial amount of material during the engagement process with affected whānau, survivors and witnesses, through meetings, submissions, and other interactions. Meetings with affected whānau, survivors and witnesses were held in private, but the Royal Commission took notes, with the permission of those we met with, to retain a record of what we heard.


We collated our notes and the range of other material we received from affected whānau, survivors and witnesses, to identify common themes and topics. This enabled us to document their stories, experiences and evidence here in general terms, rather than quoting exact experiences of specific people, respecting the private nature of our interactions with them. Where quotes are included, we sought and gained permission for their use.


This document does not draw any conclusions from, or comment on, the stories, experiences and evidence of those most affected by the terrorist attack. Neither does it prefer one view over another. Rather, the intent of this document is to give dedicated space to the voices of whānau of the 51 shuhada, survivors and witnesses of the terrorist attack and their whānau. These voices deserve to be heard.